Facts about flour

Flour in a wheat scoop

Flour is one of the most important ingredients in the UK. It provides a vast array of essential vitamins and minerals including iron, calcium and fibre; for more on the nutritional contribution of flour see here.  Below, you can find some interesting facts about wheat and flour. We also have facts on bread.

  • One whole grain of wheat makes over 20,000 particles of flour.
  • It takes around 350 ears of wheat to make enough flour for one 800g loaf of bread.
  • There are 30 flour milling companies operating 51 mills in the UK. Virtually all of these are nabim members: nabim is the representative organisation for the UK flour milling industry, www.nabim.org.uk.
  • In 2019/20 UK flour millers used over 5 million tonnes of wheat each year to produce just over 4 million tonnes of flour (source: DEFRA/nabim).
  • About 85% of flour in the UK is milled from wheat also grown in the UK. Home grown grains, blended with small amounts of imported wheat, and the unsurpassed skill and efficiency of our millers, means that Britain is consistently producing exceptional flours.
  • Breadmaking flour accounted for just under 69% of flour production in 2020.
  • Latest government data shows that that the average UK flour consumption per person per week was about 25g in 2018; while bread consumption was 562g per person per week.

You can find out how flour is made here.

Some of the latest industry facts and figures are set out in the infographic below